240 25'& 240 42' N; 930 46' & 930 55' E
Maximum Length: 32 km
Maximum Breadth: 13 km
Lake Area: 230 sq km
Islands: 2.0 sq km
Mean Depth: 2.5 m
Direct catchment: 1064 sq km
Indirect catchment: 7157 sq km
Loktak Wetland Complex within Manipur River Basin:-
- Loktak Lake largest wetland covering 61% of the wetland regime (468 sq km) within Manipur River Basin.
- Livelihood of about 1 lakh people living in and around the wetlands.
- Traditionally wisely used for fisheries and agriculture.
- Characteristic feature: presence of Phumdi .
- Source of 105 MW Hydropower.
- Supports rich floral and faunal biodiversity including Brow Antlered Deer (Sangai) of Keibul Lamjao National Park.
Problems & Issues:-
Analysis of ecological and socio-economic features of wetlands integrating catchment and institutional arrangement reveals the following key issues which need to be addressed in the plan for conservation and management of Loktak and associated wetlands.
- Enhanced soil erosion leading to wetland sedimentation due to shifting cultivation and loss of vegetal cover in the catchment area.
- Reduction in water holding capacity of wetlands as a consequence of siltation, encroachments, and prolific growth of aquatic vegetation.
- Flooding in peripheral areas leading to inundation of agricultural areas and damage to life and property.
- Deterioration of water quality due to inflow of sewage from urbanized and peripheral areas.
- Decline in fish resources thereby affecting the livelihoods of the fisher communities.
- Degradation of phumdis in KLNP affecting the biodiversity of the national park particularly flagship species, Cervus eldi eldi.
- Poverty due to resource degradation and limited opportunities of livelihood diversification.